A standard is a document approved by a recognized body, such as the NSI, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for products or related processes and production methods, with which compliance is not mandatory. It may also include or deal exclusively with terminology, symbols, packaging, marking or labelling requirements as they apply to a product, process or production method
Standards can be divided into three categories:
The quality and safety of goods and services.
The conditions under which products and services are to be produced, packed and refined.
Systems that help organisations to manage their operations. They are often used to create a framework within which an organization consistently achieves the requirements set out in product and process standards
Importance of Standards
1. Standards make the development, manufacturing and supply of products and services more efficient, safer and cleaner.
2. Standards facilitate trade between countries and provide governments with a technical base for health, safety and environmental protection and conformity assessment.
3. Business using standards especially, international standards can compete on many markets around the world.
4. Standards speed up the disseminations of innovations and their developments into manufacturable and marketable products and provide interoperability of goods.
5. Standards serve as catalysts for technology transfer and provide assurance about the quality and reliability of products.
6. Machinery and tools used in day to day life including transport, become safer when manufactured according to standards.